Illegal circulation of pyrotechnics

As a result of operational search activities, militia officers detained a 21-year-old resident of the Asht district on suspicion of illegal circulation of pyrotechnic products.

During a personal search, 9,000 pyrotechnics of the Friction-X201 brand were found and seized from the detainee.
On this fact, under Art. 199, approx. 1 part 2 of the Criminal Code of the Republic of Tajikistan, a criminal case has been initiated, an investigation is underway.

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan

Tajik Doctors Operate Conjoined Twins For the First Time

In the department of neonatal surgery of the Shifobakhsh National Medical Center, Tajik doctors carried out an operation to separate children born together, or, in the medical language, conjoined twins.

Parents of newborns are from Vose district. The birth was performed by caesarean section and it was found that one of the babies (a boy) had already died, and the other baby (a girl) was in a normal condition. The deceased infant was attached head-on to the back of another twin who was surgically separated.

Congenital malformations or conjoined twins are one of the most serious health problems in all parts of the world, and now with the introduction of such a surgical method or the separation of conjoined twins, Tajik doctors have gained good experience in establishing this operation.

According to industry experts, this new surgical method is not the only achievement of this department, in recent years, the doctors of the department have performed several types of operations, which have served as a good basis for ensuring the health of newborns.

The specialists of the department emphasize that at present the recovery of the operated child is ensured, there are no deviations during the surgical operation.

Currently, the child’s mother is in the intensive care unit, the condition of the newborn is normal.

 

Source: National information agency of Tajikistan

President Emomali Rahmon Calls 2022 Another Historic Year for Tajikistan

Today, in his congratulatory message on the occasion of the New Year 2023, President Emomali Rahmon called 2022 another unforgettable and historical year for Tajikistan.

According to him, despite the negative impact of the financial and economic crisis and in the very difficult and sensitive conditions of the modern world, stable development of the national economy was ensured in the past year in order to achieve the strategic goals in the amount of 8 percent, which is one of the best indicators.

He noted that during this period, in order to accelerate the industrialization of the country, more than 500 manufacturing enterprises and workshops were built, and the volume of industrial production was increased to 43 billion somoni. Also, for the first time in the history of Tajikistan, electricity production amounted to more than 21 billion kilowatt-hours

“In order to protect the country’s food security and ensure the abundance of the consumer market, the farmers of the republic effectively used the available opportunities, especially water and land, increased agricultural production and brought its volume to more than 48 billion somoni,” President mentioned.

During 2022, the government, according to Emomali Rahmon, directed all its efforts to create decent living conditions for the citizens of the republic, and using the available resources and opportunities, took a number of measures in the name of solving social problems — science and education, culture and healthcare, issues related to youth and gender policy, and to support low-income and vulnerable segments of society.

 

Source: National information agency of Tajikistan

Tajik Student Ranks Third at the V International Youth Olympiad in Baku

A 9th grade student of the Lyceum for Gifted Schoolchildren in Dushanbe Muhammadjon Kodirov took 3rd place at the V International Youth Olympiad, which was held in Baku from December 11 through December 14.

Along with Tajik students the Olympiad was attended by delegations from Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Georgia and Russia.

The heads of the delegations exchanged ideas for further cooperation and considered it important to organize and hold the Olympiad.

 

Source: National information agency of Tajikistan

Russian President Awards Tajikistan’s Prime Minister with the Order of Honor

Tajik Prime Minister Kohir Rasulzoda was awarded the Order of Honor by decree of Russian President Vladimir Putin.

The decree was published on Friday, December 30.

The document notes that the head of government was awarded for his great contribution to the development of friendship and cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Tajikistan.

For the same merits, by decree of the Russian, the Order of Friendship was awarded to the Speaker of the Assembly of Representatives Mahmadtoir Zokirzoda, General Director of Gazpromneft-Tajikistan Farhod Mirzoev and President of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan Farhod Rahimi.

 

Source: National information agency of Tajikistan

Occurring three traffic accidents in one day

On December 29, 2021, at approximately 18:00, the driver of a DAF truck, Shodiev Suhrob Rustamovich, born in 1971, resident of A. Jomi district, while driving on the territory of Konibodom, lost control of his vehicle and crashed into a vehicle. the roadside wall collided.

As a result, the driver Shodiev S.R. received serious bodily injuries and died at the scene. At the same time, on December 29, 2021, at about 18:30, the driver of the car "Nisan" Nazarov Himatsho Safarbekovich, born in 1970, resident of Panj district, while driving on the highway "Dushanbe-Bokhtar", located in Khuroson district. , unable to control the vehicle, the pedestrian hit Dustov Muhammadikrom Kenjabaevich, born in 1986, resident of Khuroson district.

As a result, pedestrian Dustov M.K. received various bodily injuries and died on the way to the hospital.

Also, on December 29, 2021, at about 19:30, the driver of an unknown car, while driving in the territory of J.Rasulov district, lost control of the vehicle, and a minor pedestrian Rahimberdiev Anvarjon Golibjonovich, born in 2005, a resident of the area. pressed and disappeared from the scene.

As a result, the minor Rahimberdiev AG received injuries and was hospitalized.

During search operations by police on suspicion of driving a Mercedes-Benz, Tojiboev Abduvahhob Shermatovich, born in 1955, a resident of the area was detained.

An investigation is under way.

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan

Republican scientific-theoretical conference on “Tajik criminology”

December 31, 2021 in the main hall of the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan Republican scientific-theoretical conference on "Tajik criminology" dedicated to the 30th anniversary of Independence of the Republic of Tajikistan, with the participation of the Chief of the Academy Sharifzoda Fayzali Rahmonali, Chief of the Forensic Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Major General of Police Azizzoda Abdugafor Qayum, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan, Colonel Umarjon Emomali, staff of the Forensic Department and academics

The conference was organized by the Forensic Science Department and the Department of Criminal Procedure of the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and its work was moderated by the Deputy Chief of Staff of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan, Colonel Umarjon Emomali. Then the participants of the conference discussed various topics, including the report of the Chief of the Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Ph.D., Major General of Police Sharifzoda Fayzali Rahmonali on "The role of the forensic department in the Interior of the Republic of Tajikistan, Gurez Dastagul Qurbonali - Deputy Chief of the Forensic Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, Colonel of Police on "Achievements of the Forensic Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the period of state independence of the Republic of Tajikistan,

At the end of the conference a number of useful scientific and practical recommendations were adopted.

Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan

Five Stories To Watch In Central Asia In 2023

ALMATY — From crackdowns on protesters to deadly border clashes and the fallout from Russia’s war in Ukraine, 2022 was a memorable year in Central Asia for all the wrong reasons.

Here are five stories that shaped the region in 2022 and could have a bearing on events in Central Asia in the year ahead.

‘Social Tensions’ Fueled By Inflation

In Kazakhstan, 2022 began with unprecedented anti-government protests and a brutal state crackdown that left at least 238 people dead. The unrest ended after Kazakh President Qasym-Zhomart Toqaev called in Russia-led troops from the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO).

The nationwide demonstrations were initially triggered by a hike in the price of fuel. But the protests quickly grew into a show of anger over corruption and nepotism that has plagued the country for years.

While they crack down on opponents — both real and perceived — the biggest threat to the authoritarian governments of Central Asia is surging food prices, observers say.

The cost of living in the region has soared due to the coronavirus, supply issues prompted by the pandemic, and the war in Ukraine.

As of November, yearly inflation in Kazakhstan stood at 19.6 percent, with food prices increasing by around 24 percent.

These figures are worrying not only for Kazakhstan but for neighboring countries that depend on it for food exports, according to economic analyst Tulegen Askarov.

“Inflation is the most important source of social tensions now,” says Askarov.

Constraints on local purchasing power will give governments less wiggle room to overhaul domestic energy systems that are falling drastically short.

Experts have long warned that the region’s low tariffs deter investment in the power sector. But after what happened in Kazakhstan this year, it remains to be seen if any government will risk major price hikes.

Can Anyone Stop Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan Border Clashes?

The past year was marked by bouts of deadly border clashes between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. In September, fighting killed around 100 people.

For years, Russia had watched on as relations between two nations where it maintains military bases unraveled. But in October, Russian President Vladimir Putin met with his Kyrgyz counterpart, Sadyr Japarov, and Tajik leader Emomali Rahmon in Kazakhstan in an attempt to help resolve the disputes.

But it remains unclear if Moscow is willing or able to mediate a solution to the constant border clashes.

Kyrgyzstan-based political scientist Medet Tiulegenov said that, with the Kremlin bogged down in a disastrous war in Ukraine, it is unlikely it will be able to play a decisive role in resolving issues that date back to the early days of the Soviet Union.

“Russia’s participation in various conflicts around the post-Soviet space moreover suggests it is not a party that is effective at managing mutual distrust and bringing countries together,” Tiulegenov said.

The political scientist said that the likelihood of a third major escalation in three years in 2023 is “not low.”

Can Kazakhstan Keep Russia At Arm’s Length?

The only Central Asian nation to share a border with Russia, Kazakhstan saw its ties with its northern neighbor deteriorate after it failed to join Belarus in endorsing the Kremlin’s invasion of Ukraine, sparing itself the threat of Western sanctions.

Astana’s neutrality pledge triggered a barrage of insults and threats from Russian politicians and public figures, ranging from claims that Kazakhstan should be grateful to Moscow for its security intervention in January to thinly veiled threats of invasion.

On several occasions this year, Moscow also cut off Kazakhstan’s access to a Russia-controlled oil pipeline that Astana relies on to export crude to the European Union. The move is a sign that Moscow is punishing its ally for failing to show sufficient loyalty, according to some observers.

This month, Kazakhstan joined 13 other countries in voting against a United Nations General Assembly resolution condemning rights abuses in Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula, which Moscow annexed in 2014. Previously, Astana had abstained on Ukraine-related resolutions.

A representative of Kazakhstan’s Foreign Ministry, Aibek Smadiyarov, said online criticism of the vote had “an emotional hue.”
While recognizing Ukraine’s territorial integrity, Kazakhstan’s consistent position was “not to harm, but to help in overcoming problematic issues,” Smadiyarov said.

But Kazakh lawmaker Aidos Sarym told RFE/RL’s Kazakh Service that the decision was comparable to appeasing an alcoholic neighbor, adding that he hoped Kazakhstan would abstain in future votes.

Analyst Dimash Alzhanov told the service that Kazakhstan’s failure to modernize its military and security services meant that it would continue to look to Moscow for its security needs.

Holding Onto Power By Handing It Down?

In Turkmenistan, Central Asia’s most isolated and authoritarian country, President Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov stepped down and handed power to his son, Serdar, in a managed election in March.

Another transition could occur in Tajikistan, where there is mounting speculation that Rahmon is preparing to hand the reins to his son, Rustam Emomali.

Rahmon, 70, has been bestowed with the title of “Leader of the Nation,” suggesting he is likely to wield considerable influence even if he steps down.

In Turkmenistan, the elder Berdymukhammedov continues to play the role of a president. Authorities just announced that a newly built city would be named in his honor.

Deirdre Tynan, a senior adviser at Pace Global Strategies, says real change is unlikely, even if there is a change at the top.

“Neither Rahmon nor Berdymukhamedov senior are inspirational role models when it comes to good governance. How far can an apple fall from a tree?” Tynan told RFE/RL.

Father-son transitions can produce tension as well as continuity, she warned.

“The new, younger leaders inherit power structures that may not feel the same sense of loyalty to them as they did their fathers, and the risks here abound,” Tynan said.

Kyrgyzstan’s Unrest-Crackdown Cycle

The past year witnessed some of the most violent state crackdowns in Central Asia in years.

In July, Uzbek security forces used lethal force to crush protests over mooted constitutional changes affecting the country’s autonomous Karakalpakstan region, causing 21 deaths, according to an official toll.

In Tajikistan, the government’s crackdown on protests in the restive Gorno-Badakhshan region in May killed at least 16 people, although witnesses said the toll was much higher.

Historically, these more authoritarian governments have managed to crush dissent without putting regime survival on the line.

But in Kyrgyzstan, the region’s most pluralistic country, crackdowns have often come back to bite jittery administrations.

After revolutions in 2005, 2010, and 2020, it remains to be seen whether the shrinking space afforded to the opposition by Japarov will provoke another backlash.

Analyst Emil Dzhuraev says the Japarov government will survive in the short term because it is “different from some of its predecessors in important ways.”

In particular, Dzhuraev said, the current administration “enjoys a stronger support and more mobilized following among rural citizens” who have traditionally played a central role in anti-government uprisings.

But this support “has been declining over time,” Dzhuraev said.

Copyright (c) 2015. RFE/RL, Inc. Reprinted with the permission of Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 1201 Connecticut Ave NW, Ste 400, Washington DC 20036.

Taliban’s Reversion to Sharia-Based Public Punishments Dominated

ISLAMABAD — The Taliban have consolidated power and overseen an enormous improvement in security across Afghanistan this year. At the same time, the Islamist rulers have failed to gain formal international recognition and sanctions relief by refusing to remove restrictions on women’s freedoms to public life and education.

The insurgent group returned to power in mid-August 2021 as the United States and NATO-led Western allies completed their military withdrawal after two decades of involvement in the war with the Taliban.

More than 16 months into renewed Taliban rule, fears of an economic collapse, widespread famine and massive migration of Afghans stemming from U.S. sanctions and suspension of foreign aid seem to have eased.

The lack of crisis is largely attributed to a series of exemptions granted by President Joe Biden in the U.S. sanctions and to the delivery of emergency humanitarian assistance by Western allies.

A Taliban crackdown on corruption, a marked reduction in violence and an unprecedented increase in coal exports to neighboring Pakistan have also contributed to slowing Afghanistan’s economic free fall and stabilizing the conflict-torn nation.

But the Taliban regime continues to face severe criticism for its human rights record, especially for its treatment of women.

New restrictions on women in public

Norway hosted Taliban diplomats in January for meetings with European delegates on Afghan humanitarian and human rights issues. The initiative generated hopes the Islamist Taliban would live up to their pledges of ensuring women’s freedoms and opening schools for girls in return for Western economic cooperation.

But the developments in the months that followed strained an already fragile relationship between the Taliban and the outside world. The new regime in Kabul, known as the Islamic Emirate, began curtailing women’s freedoms in breach of repeated commitments.

Hibatullah Akhudzada, the reclusive Taliban supreme leader, abruptly decided against allowing teenage girls to resume classes when public secondary schools across the country reopened in March.

Afghanistan’s rulers continued to tighten restrictions on women, banning them from public places, including parks, bath houses, and gyms. Women are required to cover their faces in public and can attend health facilities or undertake road travel beyond a certain distance only if accompanied by male chaperones. Most female government staff say they have effectively been confined to their homes or rendered unemployed.

The United Nations and Western governments have persistently decried women’s exclusion from public life as a “human rights crisis” in Afghanistan and called for reversing the rules.

“The country’s economic and social stability and the Taliban’s domestic and international legitimacy depend enormously on their treatment of Afghanistan’s mothers and daughters,” Thomas West, the U.S. special Afghan representative, told Taliban Defense Minister Mohammed Yaqub in a December meeting in Abu Dhabi.

The Taliban have also curbed media freedoms and space for civil society activists to operate has increasingly shrunk.

In a rare mid-year speech, Akhundzada rebuked international outcry and calls for him to remove curbs on women and girls.

“I am not here to fulfill your [foreigners’] wishes, nor are they acceptable to me. I cannot compromise on Sharia [Islamic law] to work with you or even move a step forward,” he told an all-male gathering of thousands of religious clerics in the Afghan capital.

Floggings, executions return

Akhundzada also directed Taliban courts toward the end of the year to begin applying Islamic law to criminal justice, leading to public floggings of dozens of Afghans, including women, in crowded sports stadiums for allegedly committing “moral crimes” such as adultery and theft.

In December, the Taliban staged their first public execution of a convicted murderer, effectively reviving the practices of the previous Taliban rule in Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001.

The reversion to harsh punishments drew international outrage but Taliban rulers rejected the outcry as “reprehensible” and an “insult” to their religious beliefs.

Norwegian Foreign Affairs Minister Anniken Huitfeldt told an event in Oslo this past week that her government believes in continued engagement with authorities in Kabul in order to ensure much-need aid reaches Afghans.

“On many levels women are basically erased from public life. This is a human right crisis,” Huitfeldt told an event in Oslo this past week. She defended her government’s decision to host the Taliban meetings in January and to advocate continued engagement with them, saying there is no alternative to dialogue in order to help the Afghan people.

“But the Taliban have not delivered on their promises. They have not opened the schools for girls. They have not moved towards a representative government. They do not respect human rights, as illustrated most recently by the public execution,” Huitfeldt said.

Taliban foreign ministry spokesman Abdul Qahar Balkhi defended his government’s policies and stressed the need for other countries to work toward bridging the mutual trust deficit.

“It is imperative the West revisit its policy of collective punishment and allow Afghans their most basic human right — the right to life,” Balkhi told VOA in written comments.

“After experiencing half a century of crisis and violence caused by foreign interference and great power politics, Afghans must be given an opportunity to rebuild their lives and heal their trauma through assistance, cooperation and integration so trust deficits can be narrowed and a way forward forged in tandem with the world,” Balkhi added.

Taliban hardliners in control

Michael Kugelman, the director of the South Asia Institute at Washington’s Wilson Center, says he is not optimistic the Taliban and the international community will come to an understanding next year. He says the Taliban polices are being driven by the religious hardliners, including Akhundzada, who have the upper hand within the ruling group.

“The trend lines are not good, and the Taliban appear to be intensifying the draconian policies that so concern the international community,” Kugelman stated.

“And the Taliban don’t care about reconciliation, recognition, and assistance from the international community. Unless the Taliban’s internal dynamics change next year in a way that allows the moderates to gain more control over policy, I doubt much will change, sadly,” he added.

Torek Farhadi, a former Afghan official and political commentator, says the Taliban leadership is using the strictest interpretation of Sharia to please hardliners, in an effort to avoid creation of splinter groups within the movement.

“However, it gives the wrong image of the Islamic faith overall. The Organization of Islamic Cooperation [the Muslim-majority nations’ grouping] has also been reluctant to extend recognition to the Taliban regime so long as the teenage girls’ schools remain closed,” Farhadi said.

“Needless to say, Western countries are not interested in having Taliban regimes’ representatives and emissaries sitting as ambassadors in their own capitals,” Farhadi said.

Taliban leaders dismiss as Western media propaganda reports of rifts in their ranks.

The Islamist rulers take credit for ending years of war in the country, but they have not been able to counter growing terrorist attacks by ISIS-K, the Afghan affiliate of the Islamic State group. ISIS-K has staged high-profile deadly bombings in recent months targeting Taliban members, the Afghan Shiite minority community, Russian and Pakistani diplomatic missions as well Chinese nationals in the country.

Balkhi rejected the criticism of their counterterrorism actions and renewed his government’s resolve to not allow anyone to use Afghan soil against other countries.

“The Islamic Emirate has been far more effective in combatting ISIS than any other state through adoption of sound policies, preemptive operations and quick reaction to incidents,” he said.

The Taliban are also battling a low-level insurgency, known as the National Resistance Front or NRF, which is active in parts of northern Panjshir province and surrounding areas. The insurgent leadership is believed to be operating out of bases in neighboring Tajikistan, but they have not been able to pose much of a threat to the Kabul regime.

The international community has also discouraged continuation of violence, fearing it could spark another Afghan civil war and eventually create space for increased transnational terrorist activities.

Norway’s Huitfeldt also noted in her December 12 speech in Oslo the Islamic State group “poses an even greater threat” in Afghanistan and it can spread internationally over time if not contained.

“We must not look away. History has taught us that it’s unwise to give up on Afghanistan. No one will be safe if the country descends into civil war or becomes a base for terrorism. That would hurt both the Afghan people and the international community.”

 

Source: Voice of America